Montessori Method at Home
Applying Montessori Philosophy at Home
Irrespective of the school your child attends, a Montessori school or not, there are many ways to practice Montessori at home. Past structuring a Montessori bedroom or putting resources into Montessori baby toys, parents can also adopt the general ways of thinking of cultivating independence, encouraging curiosity, and engaging with the world through the five detects.
Parents can start teaching children early to do things like select their clothes, clean up themselves, feed themselves, and generally build up an awareness of others’ expectations and pride in themselves and their environment. Parents can do the essential things at home to associate with their children through time spent in nature, art, music, reading together, baking, and more. I believe it’s essential for you to recollect the importance of developing your child’s future relationships.
Regarding creating a physical Montessori space at home, I prescribe you are getting down on your hands and knees to observe the environment from your child’s genuine point of view. It is also essential to take note that the most significant segments of a Montessori home are independence. So really take a gander at the spaces in your home where your child can have the freedom to get things done for them. While a few things move as your child ages, this fundamental precept is the same, whether they’re a half year or six years old.
Mentor Them Through Unwinding
After you’ve recognized how your child is feeling inwardly, perceive how she feels genuinely, and assists her with assuming responsibility for her body. Sharma suggests long breaths through the nose and out the mouth and a procedure called dynamic muscle unwinding, which helps children with straining and discharge their muscles.
Work It Out
When your child has loose genuinely and has controlled breathing, think about what commenced the nervousness in any case. “Ask them, what do you believe you’re feeling terrified of? Truly treat them like individuals who know themselves—which they do—and [who] can communicate, which most children past the age of three or four truly can,” Sharma clarifies. At the point when the child opens up about the reason for the tension, Sharma suggests parents take part in something many refer to as “thought disputation” by tenderly calling attention to a portion of the madness behind the child’s feelings of dread—which is diverse in huge ways than saying the child is silly.
If the fear is increasingly coherent, Sharma proposes parents express they can relate by opening up about occasions they were anxious, as well.
Realize When to Find Support
All children experience some nervousness; however, most children don’t have profound uneasiness. On the off chance that the fears affect the child’s capacity to rest, keep up connections, or go to class, parents should converse with an expert. For most children, talk treatment will assist them with feeling more in charge and enabled. Parents ought to recall that all children experience tension at once or another. Recognizing its reality is the initial step to feeling much improved.
Montessori at Home: Self-Care
In Montessori classrooms, self-care is viewed as similarly significant for little youngsters as for scholastics. Figuring out how to recognize their physical needs, and start to deal with them, is an immense advance for these little individuals—and we are once in a while the most remarkable thing holding them up. We’re so frequently in a rush, and it’s such a significant amount of more straightforward to get things done for children; however, easing back down and helping them do it for themselves has tremendous advantages. It energizes autonomy and fearlessness as the children understand everything they can do all alone.
Here are a few different ways Montessori instructors help little youngsters learn self-care and how you can utilize them at home. Here are a few different ways Montessori instructors help small kids learn self-care and how you can utilize them at home:
Make It Accessible
For children to take their own bodies' minds, the necessary materials must be inside their compass. On the off chance that the tissues are very high in the washroom, by what method can a child clean out her runny nose? On the off chance that the diapers are in the storage room, how might she get one when she needs it? Take a stab at putting the things she requirements for her physical consideration down where she can reach and remember her for the procedure.
Take As Much Time As Necessary
One of the principal reasons grown-ups get things done for children is it’s frequently much faster. It can require some persistence to sit tight for a 2-year-old child to put on his shoes. It assists with thinking about this time as a venture. Indeed, it takes longer now, yet with loads of help and practice, making things significantly simpler later on. It can assist with considering these day-by-day self-care exercises, similar to diaper changes and dressing, as an opportunity to back off and interface instead of hurry through to find workable pace stuff.
Alert Your Child of the Need
Little youngsters are making sense of their bodies and may not genuinely notice that the nose is running down or that their hands are canvassed in soil. Have a go at letting them know, in a neutral voice, and afterward welcoming them to help fix it. For instance, “Susie, your nose is running. You need a tissue. Do you recollect where they are?” Give only a little assistance. Consider carrying out a responsibility “with” as opposed “to” a small kid. The key is to push it between thoroughly taking care of them and letting them get so baffled they never again need to attempt. This can be dubious because it’s distinctive for every child and can fluctuate for the day—a child might be impeccably equipped for putting his shoes on in the first part of the day yet need somewhat more assistance when he’s worn out by the day’s end. Watch your child and offer the base measure of help he needs to succeed. At times it’s sufficient to sit with him while he simply battles.
In case you’re prepared to attempt these means at home, these ten self-care exercises are an excellent spot to begin!
- Nose Blowing
Beginning as youthful toddlers, children can wipe their noses. You can set up a tissue station in your child’s room or the washroom. You’ll require a tissue box, mirror, and little waste bin. If your child likes to haul the entirety of the tissues out, attempt a little crate with only a few tissues in it to begin. Tell your child the best way to clean out and wipe her nose, checking in the mirror to see when her face is perfect. Try to incorporate hand washing after she’s finished.
- Assisting with Diapers
Indeed, even children of a half year can help with the diapering procedure by holding the spotless diaper until you’re prepared for it or bringing the diaper once they’re versatile. Children additionally appreciate assisting with hauling clears out of the holder. More experienced children can help push their jeans down and help pull the tabs to evacuate their diapers.
- Hand washing
You can give babies a warm, wet washcloth and let them help wipe their hands when eating. You may give a stage stool for toddlers so they can arrive at the restroom sink or a bowl of water on a little table to wash their hands in. Whatever arrangement you decide to utilize, give them the entirety of the means: wetting hands, utilizing cleanser, washing, and drying. It may be enjoyable for more seasoned children to incorporate a nail scouring brush or cream as a feature of the procedure.
- Dressing and Uncovering
Bolster your child’s developing autonomy by urging him to dress and uncover himself. Pushing down his jeans and removing his socks can be acceptable assignments, to begin with. Have a somewhat clothing crate accessible for your child to place his garments in. Pick garments that are anything but hard to put on and take off—as charming as they seem to be, avoid things like overalls and precarious belts while your child is figuring out how to dress himself. With training, toddlers can master the whole dressing and uncovering process, including shoes. With colder climate drawing nearer, you might need to look at the Montessori coat flip procedure as well, a simple route for children to put on their jackets.
- Brushing Hair
Give a delicate brush and a mirror inside your child’s scope so she can rehearse at whatever point she needs. You might need to incorporate two or three barrettes or a headband for her to rehearse with this too.
- Brushing Teeth
Your infant can begin assisting with tooth brushing as ahead of schedule as a half year if he has teeth. At this age, you’ll need to brush first. However, giving your child a turn after that makes him feel like he’s a piece of the procedure. As he gets more established, you can tell him the best way to put only enough toothpaste.
- Getting a Beverage
Have a go at making water open to your child regularly. You can set out a little pitcher and glass on a low rack or table in the kitchen where she can get it. Then again, you could set out a water gadget with a simple spout for her to utilize. Make a point to incorporate a little wipe at your water station and tell your child the best way to dry spells.
- Getting Ready Nourishment
Children get such a significant amount of fulfillment from assisting with setting up their nourishment, and it’s incredible for focus and fine engine skills. Some fundamental exercises, to begin with, are stripping banana cuts and spreading nutty on toast. Take a stab at setting up a little bowl with only enough nutty spread from the start, so he doesn’t utilize the entire container.
- Emergency Treatment
While you would deal with your child on account of a genuine physical issue, there’s no explanation she can’t help with little scratches and cuts. Take a stab at setting up a little plate with two or three bandages and liquor swabs. Tell your child the best way to open up the bandage and let her do it without anyone else’s help.
- Salve and Sunscreen
Why not give your little one his small jug of salve or sunscreen? Tell him the best way to press out only a tad and how to focus on it until he doesn’t perceive any white. A mirror will be useful for this movement. You should begin with little, travel-sized jugs until he’s capable (and ready) to utilize only a modest quantity. Including your child in these days-by-day undertakings will help him get progressively specific and free after some time. It will tell him that you consider him to be a proficient individual who can take an interest in household exercises and assist him in taking care of himself.
Exploration is an essential aspect of the Montessori Method, and it includes indoor exploration and outside. Dr. Montessori advised that the environment must stimulate and promote interest in the child. About outdoor exploration, there may be questions firing in your head, such as, is it safe? What about the weather? What about supervision? What if the child refuses to come inside, no matter what? What if he puts something in his mouth that he shouldn’t? The list goes on. Don’t worry; there are ways that the child can explore safely and freely. What’s important is that the child is provided with a cozy home environment.
According to Montessori principles, when you think of how you will set up the indoors of your home environment, remember to consider how it will benefit your child. Furniture should fit the child’s body, and equipment should be lifelike.
Exploring Safely and Freely
For indoor exploration, we have previously looked at how the indoor environment can be set up to allow your child to have free movement. The first step we discussed is to ensure the rooms are childproof; this may involve getting down on your hands and knees to see things from your child’s point of view.
The Importance of a Safe and Clutter-Free Environment
Less is more! Having less clutter in the house will help to stimulate your child’s imagination because it allows them to play “make-believe.” When children are overwhelmed with so much stuff, they can become overstimulated, easily bored, or their attention is drawn to the next item or object, and they are less likely to rely on their imagination. Also, having a cluttered environment (inside and outside) can be dangerous. They may trip—or you might!
When you keep the home safe and tidy, children will learn a few things. First, they will learn that everything belongs in a particular place, and items should be stored away neatly when they have finished with them.
Another important lesson that comes from being responsible for putting items away is that more items require more work. This helps demonstrate the value of living within one’s means. It’s not necessary to consume so much just for the sake of consuming. Often, the happiest people in the world appreciate and value what they have, not those who demand more and are still never satisfied.
While children can learn to value a few things highly, they can also come to appreciate the freedom that comes with discarding old or broken items. Everything has a purpose, and when toys, clothes, or other objects can no longer fulfill their purposes, they just become clutter and need to be removed.
Lastly, a clutter-free environment helps communicate the value for shared space and for the environment itself. Putting things away is a means of caring and respecting those items as well as the environment.
Creating a safe environment isn’t just about keeping it clutter-free and childproof; it should also evoke a feeling of safety within the child. Here are some ideas for how you can create an environment that leaves your child feeling genuinely safe and reassured:
- Natural wood furniture
- An indoor water feature that is quiet
- Fresh flowers and plants
- Artwork—Maria Montessori suggested depictions of children or children and mothers. Fathers are great, too!
- Open space for the child to move around easily
- Living plants and animals
- Photos/portraits of peace activists such as Dr. Montessori and Gandhi
- Objects or images that are related to peace, love, compassion, and friendship
- The environment should be warm
Don’t Do Anything for Them!
There is a Montessori motto, “help me do it myself.” Allow children to build their independence and figure things out on their own unless you see they are struggling. If they do seem like they need assistance, ask if they would like some help with their chosen activity. If you have set up the indoor environment so that it’s clutter-free and safe, there shouldn’t be any significant issues moving around freely to discover their independence.
Resist the Urge to Plan Their Day
Just because the Montessori approach doesn’t encourage planning a child’s day, the day needn’t be chaotic, disorganized, and scattered, far from it. In a Montessori environment, the child can learn time management skills to self-regulate their daily life effectively. Their time management skills will develop if we set up the right kind of environment to start with. Your child will be carrying out practical life activities, and this alone will help them be efficient and act promptly.
Let Babies/Toddlers Be on the Floor with Free Range of Movement
Just allow them to explore being on the floor without feeling like you should intervene. Simply follow them and observe. When babies and toddlers move around, they are learning about coordination. Even when they fall, they are still learning. The more they move, the more they develop control of their movements. You may find it tempting to scoop them up or prevent them from going somewhere. Unless they are crawling or moving towards something dangerous (which shouldn’t be the case if they are in a room that’s been childproofed), simply let them be.
Dr. Montessori’s “Practical Life Activities”
Dr. Montessori devised a term called “practical life activities,” about the child's daily life experiences and connecting to all areas of life. These activities tend to related to the child’s culture, helping them feel like they belong.
Practical life activities are based around four key components: grace and courtesy, caring for the environment, caring for the self, and the movement of objects.
Practical life activities are learned by the child, including these activities they observe from adults around them. A perfect way of assisting your child in developing their practical life activities is to allow them to be around when you carry out everyday activities. When you do this, the child starts to be valuable and grows in self-esteem. He will also learn to trust his environment, and since he has seen his parent(s) carry out activities, it will encourage him to do the same.
The Role of a Parent as an Effective Modeler
Besides being a guide for your child, you are also a modeler because children like to emulate their parents or adults who are important in their lives. Although the saying, “actions speak louder than words” is cliché, it is also true. If you are looking to be a useful modeler, it’s essential that you set an example with your actions. Your child will be observing how you behave, and they will try to be the same way (consciously and unconsciously, although, at this stage, they are mainly operating from the unconscious). A question to ask yourself sometimes is, “Would I want my child to behave the way I am right now!”
Dr. Maria Montessori realized that children naturally copy adults, so several Montessori methods are done without using words. Again, it comes down to the child wanting to explore the environment and better understand their identity. You can get creative and have some fun with this. At the same time, it’s a chance for you to stop some bad habits. For instance, if you have the habit of texting while driving or crossing the road, be aware. The chances are that when your child is learning to drive or is old enough to cross the street on their own, they are likely to copy your habits—which could be dangerous.
Exploring Outside Home
In a world where people are glued to their electronic devices, including children, it’s a beautiful gift to provide your child with nature. It is strongly advised that you don’t introduce electronic devices or technology into their lives too early, ideally, not before the age of four. If your child was attending a traditional school, then it cannot be helped. However, in your Montessori home, for as long as you can, try to redirect their attention away from cell phones and other devices.
If you are concerned about the weather when thinking about leading your child outdoors, then the best solution is to make sure your child is dressed suitably for it. For example, if it’s snowing, make sure they are wearing protective layers and boots with a firm grip. In Norway, people believe that bad weather doesn’t exist; it’s more about how you are dressed that can be considered “bad,” so you must wrap up sensibly.
We spoke earlier about carefully inspecting each room in the house and childproofing them. It’s a great idea to check your garden (if you have one) or, where possible, the area around your home to make sure it is safe. Do you have any furniture stacked outside that could topple over with the right nudge? Is there any wood with nails poking out? Are there any cracks or heaves in the concrete that could cause someone to trip?
Nature Is a Second Montessori Space
Once you have ordered and inspected outside, getting value from time outside is pretty simple because you can rely on the materials provided by nature to educate and stimulate your child. Please remember that the materials offered by nature areas intriguing (if not more) to children like the ones indoors.
Children can take their mats or tables and chairs outside to perform certain activities. For instance, if they have comfy chairs, they may want to sit outside and read or paint. Alternatively, they can sit on the grass or under a tree for some quiet reading or meditation.
Your child can gain some fantastic practical life skills by spending time outside in nature. For example, they can rake the lawn (child-size rake), sweep up the leaves, and plant fruits and vegetables. Planting healthy food in the garden will do wonders because, in addition to the other benefits, it will encourage the child to eat healthily.
A sandbox and free play are great ways to allow your child to have fun and learn without having anything planned. As they spend time playing in the sandbox, your child is exploring the texture of sand and making shapes, including castles. Children can also write their names and other words in the sand. If they decide to bury themselves in the sand, they get a sense of their body related to space.
Reading: Intellectual Exploration
One way to encourage your child to read is to create a reading corner somewhere in the home. If you provide a very comfortable seat, such as a soft couch (child-size), the child is more likely to find reading time to be fun. Here are some simple steps to create an appropriate reading nook:
Have accessible shelves. If you use adult bookshelves, then the child won’t be able to reach the books, or if they try to, it could put their safety at risk. When you provide child-size shelves, the child can access the book and then put it back neatly without any fuss.
The furniture doesn’t need to be expensive. You can make a piece yourself or simply use a basket or wooden crate tucked away neatly in the room. The child will see this as her library or reading corner.
It’s essential to make the reading nook cozy, so a comfortable child-size chair or couch is one option. You could even opt for a floor mat, a few pillows, or you could place a rug down to help define the area.
Please remember to decorate the area with small details that matter! It could be a funky lamp, family portrait, the child’s favorite toy, a beautiful piece of artwork, or a plant. The list of what you might want to choose is virtually endless.